Microsoft SQL Server

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Microsoft SQL Server is a relational database administration system (RDBMS), launched by Microsoft 29 years in the past, on April 24, 1989, as SQL Server 1.0. Microsoft has usually upgraded SQL Server and the present model is SQL Server 2017. According to Microsoft, SQL Server 2017 is the “only commercial DB with AI built-in”.

DBEngines charges Microsoft SQL Server as the third hottest RDBMS, after Oracle and MySQL. Microsft is one among the high gamers in the enterprise-level database market as 98 firms in the Fortune 100 use SQL Server and “more than 70 percent of on-premises server workloads run on Windows Server”.

Microsoft nonetheless helps a number of variations of SQL Server that it has launched over the years. The variations nonetheless supported by Microsoft embody

  • SQL Server 2017

  • SQL Server 2016,

  • SQL Server 2014,

  • SQL Server 2012 

  • SQL Server 2008 R2

You can examine Microsoft’s SQL Server present assist standing by visiting Microsoft’s product lifecycle web page.

SQL Server 2017:

Microsoft launched SQL Server 2017 in October 2017, 15 months after launching SQL Server 2016. Around the time of launch, Redmondmag famous that “Microsoft’s speedy growth means extra frequent releases, which delivers extra worth to clients who pay for Software Assurance (SA).

Microsoft SQL Server 2017 helps a number of platforms and languages together with T-SQL, PHP, Java, Node.js, C/C++, C#/VB.NET, Python, and Ruby. It additionally helps deployment on RedHat Enterprise Linux (RHEL), Ubuntu, and SUSE Linux Enterprise Server (SLES). The SQL Server 2017 SKUs are platform agnostic, which implies the software program can run on Windows or Linux.

SQL Server 2017 editions:

SQL Server 2017 Enterprise SQL Server 2017 Standard SQL Server 2017 Express SQL Server 2017 Developer SQL Server 2017 Web


The high of the line SQL Server Edition affords the most set of options, together with limitless variety of cores, most dimension of 524 PB, information administration, superior adaptive question processing, superior security measures, Mobile BI and Advanced R and Python integration.


The normal version affords a most of 24 cores, 128 GB Memory and could be as massive as 524 PB. It lacks sure options of enterprise version corresponding to Enterprise information administration, Advanced HA, superior adaptive question processing, sure security measures, superior information integration, Mobile BI and some extra.


This version is free to make use of and is designed for small functions. It affords growth and administration instruments, straightforward backup and restore to Microsoft Azure.


This version can also be free to make use of and is designed for builders to construct check and examine their functions in non-production environments. All Enterprise Edition options shall be accessible to be used.


SQL Server Web is a low-cost possession version designed for small to massive scale Web properties.

SQL Server Evaluation version is accessible for a trial interval of 180 days.

Edition Limits:

Feature Enterprise Standard Web Express with Advanced Services Express
Maximum compute capability utilized by a single occasion – SQL Server Database Engine1 Operating system most Limited to lesser of four sockets or 24 cores Limited to lesser of four sockets or 16 cores Limited to lesser of 1 socket or four cores Limited to lesser of 1 socket or four cores
Maximum compute capability utilized by a single occasion – Analysis Services or Reporting Services Operating system most Limited to lesser of four sockets or 24 cores Limited to lesser of four sockets or 16 cores Limited to lesser of 1 socket or four cores Limited to lesser of 1 socket or four cores
Maximum reminiscence for buffer pool per occasion of SQL Server Database Engine Operating System Maximum 128 GB 64 GB 1410 MB 1410 MB
Maximum reminiscence for Columnstore section cache per occasion of SQL Server Database Engine Unlimited reminiscence 32 GB 16 GB 352 MB 352 MB
Maximum memory-optimized information dimension per database in SQL Server Database Engine Unlimited reminiscence 32 GB 16 GB 352 MB 352 MB
Maximum reminiscence utilized per occasion of Analysis Services Operating System Maximum Tabular: 16 GB,MOLAP: 64 GB N/A N/A N/A
Maximum reminiscence utilized per occasion of Reporting Services Operating System Maximum 64 GB 64 GB four GB N/A
Maximum relational database dimension 524 PB 524 PB 524 PB 10 GB 10 GB

Key Features of SQL Server 2017 (As listed by Microsoft)

  • Support for Windows and Linux working techniques and Docker containers. 

  • Any cloud, any platform together with OpenShift, Red Hat OpenStack, and Kubernetes

  • License Mobility allows on-premises licenses for use in the cloud

  • Speed question efficiency with out tuning utilizing Adaptive Query Processing and Automatic Plan Correction

  • Faster transactions with In-Memory OLTP and as much as 100x sooner analytics with In-Memory ColumnStore 

  • Real-time operational analytics while you mix in-memory applied sciences

  • Fewest NIST vulnerabilities (National Institute of Standards and Technology Comprehensive Vulnerability Database replace 2017) over the final 7 years 

  • Encrypt information at relaxation and in use with Always Encrypted and Transparent Data Encryption (TDE)

  • Dynamic Data Masking conceals delicate information Control entry to database rows with Row-Level Security

  • Bring scalable, excessive efficiency and parallelized R and Python-based analytics to the place your information lives 

  • Native scoring in T-SQL for analytics in close to real-time

  • Advanced Machine Learning algorithms with GPUs

  • Store and analyze extremely interconnected information and relationships with graph information assist

  • PolyBase allows straightforward querying throughout SQL Server and information saved in Hadoop

  • Hadoop mixed with SQL Server offers worth and perception from information lakes

  • Rich visualizations utilizing enhanced Reporting Services

  • Mobile Reporting on iOS, Windows and Android cellular gadgets

  • Get the up to date Report Viewer as a free developer element

List of SQL Server 2017 Components and Tools:

Server parts

  • SQL Server Database Engine

  • Analysis Services

  • Reporting Services

  • Integration Services

  • Master Data Services

  • Machine Learning Services (In-Database)

  • Machine Learning Server (Standalone)

Management instruments

  • SQL Server Management Studio

  • SQL Server Configuration Manager

  • SQL Server Profiler

  • Database Engine Tuning Advisor

  • Data Quality Client

  • SQL Server Data Tools

  • Connectivity Components

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