How to Make Organic Fertilizers: Compost, Vermicompost, Bokashi, FPJ, FFJ, FAA

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Composting

It is a procedure which permits a mixture of organic raw materials to decompose under controlled conditions to create a steady end-product which is the organic fertilizer or soil conditioner.

Composting Process

  • Select a shaded region which will provide protection against heavy rains which will cause excessive wetting and washing from nutrients.
  • Gather raw materials and also pile up in alternative layers.

Layer1: Livestock manure

Layer 2: Plant residues

Layer 3: Livestock manure

Layer 4: Plant residues

Layer 5: Livestock manure

  • Water each layer with EMAS to improve the composting procedure. Dilution speed: 20ml EMAS for each liter of water.
  • Cover the pile to retain moisture and to build warmth in the mulch pile. This is important to build heat in the composst pile. This is important to kill disease-causing organisms and pathogens.
  • Turnover or mix the pile after a month to aerate the pile.
  • Mix the pile again two weeks later the first turning.
  • After two weeks, crop and utilize the compost.

Vermicomposting

  • Another method of composting which makes use of earthworm.
  • Instead of manually turning the pile, earthworms, particularly African Night Crawler, are introduced in the pile to consume semi-decomposed raw materials.
  • The worms’ excreta is known as “vermicast”.
  • It is generally found on the surface of the pile and seems like rough java floor.
  • Vermicompost is the remaining decomposed materials containing a number of the vermicast, earthworm cocoons and compact earthworms.

Guidelines: Site Selection

  • Area ought to be close the supply of substrates or compost materials
  • It shouldn’t be susceptible to flooding
  • Accessible to water supply
  • Shaded rather with roofing

Guidelines: Bin Preparation

  • Use hollow or some other barrier like fallen tree trunks, banana  trunks or walnut to enclose a rectangular region.
  • Line the flooring with woven bag.

Guidelines: Raw Materials Selection

  • Select materials accordingly

O Identify materials rich in nitrogen.

  • Animal manure except cat and dog
  • leguminous plants

O Identify materials rich in carbon like grass, corn stalks, rice straw, saw dust.

O Farm waste, market waste, kitchen waste

  • Consider the size and kind of materials.

O   Small and stained materials decompose easily

O   Choose materials which are easily composted like banana leaves, stalks and vegetable or fruit peelings.

  • Remove unwanted materials

o   Meat scraps

O Fats, oil and dirt

O Human waste

O Dog and kitty waste

O Diseased plants

Guidelines: Substrate Preparation

  • Place substrate in alternative layers

O Layer 1: Livestock manure

O Layer 2: Plant residues

O Layer 3: Livestock manure

o   Layer 4: Plant residues

O Layer 5: Livestock manure

  • Water each layer with EMAS to improve the composting procedure. Dilution speed: 20ml EMAS for each liter of water.
  • Cover the pile to retain moisture and to build warmth in the mulch pile and leave for two weeks. This is important to kill disease causing organism or pathogens.

Guidelines: Deploying Worms

  • After two weeks, put worm in the semi-decomposed substrate in a ratio of 1 kg per square meter and then pay with leaves or net.
  • Prevent the substrate from drying up. Water if necessary.
  • Protect worms from natural predators.

Guidelines: Harvesting

  • Harvesting is topic to the size of the bin, quantity of worms, kind of materials and maintenance of substrate. On a typical, 30 — 40 days after placing the worms in the bin, you will discover vermicast forming the upper layer.
  • Harvesting methods:

O Manual pick. Pick the worms by hand and move to brand new pig bed.

o   Migration. Move the contents of the complete bed to one side. Fill the empty half with fresh substrate. Worms will proceed openly to the fresh feed. Harvest the castings left by the worms.

o   Top harvest. Scrape from the top of mattress.

  • Air dry for two days
  • Strain the vermicompost to independent remaining substrate.

Guidelines: Production Sustainability

  • On the day when the worms have been put in the first bin, prepare a fresh substrate and set on the next bin.
  • One the last evening of harvesting from the first bin, the worms could be moved to the second bin.
  • With this strategy, there will be a continuous supply and the amount of worms increases.

Bokashi

An organic fertilizer which uses microbial inoculant to quicken the decomposition of animal manure mixed with other solid ingredients.

Materials

  • Solid ingredients

O   Carbon materials (80percent of the total quantity )

  • Rice bran (darak)
  • Rice husk (ipa)
  • Chopped rice straw (dayami)
  • Corn stem (catawan ng mais)

O   Nitrogen materials (20percent of the total quantity )

  • Copra meal
  • Fish meal
  • Ipil ipil
  • Kakawate
  • Liquid Ingredients
  1. EMAS
  2.  Molasses
  3.  Water

Recommended Mix

  • D3 (Gaspang) — 10 kilo
  • Carbonized rice toaster — 10 kilo
  • Copra supper — 5 kilo
  • EMAS — 100 ml
  • Molasses — 100ml
  • Water — 10 liter

Procedures

  • Dilute EMAS and molasses in water.
  • Mix all the solid ingredients in watering with the diluted solution until completely mixed.
  • Check for 30percent — 40% moisture content.
  • Place in an airtight container and simmer for 2-3 weeks.
  • Bokashi is prepared to usage as it has a sweet-sour fermented odor.

Usage

  • Feed additive for poultry and livestock
  • Soil fertilizer
  • Composting Agent
  • Treatment of kitchen garbage
  • Key ingredient to sand chunks for the therapy of pond, lakes, rivers, sewer systems
  • Treatment of all manures

Fermented Plant Juice (growth enhancer)

Materials

  • Fresh plants (20percent of container quantity )
  1. Kangkong
  2. Leguminous plants
  3.  Grasses
  4. Herbs
  5. Young shoots
  6. Banana stalks
  • Water (70percent of container quantity )
  • EMAS (3 percent of water quantity )
  • Molasses (3% of water quantity )

Recommended Mix

Based on a 20-liter container

  • Fresh plants — two kilos
  • Water — 14 liters
  • EMAS — 420 ml
  • Molasses — 420 ml

Procedures

  • Clean and wash palnts. Drain for 5 minutes
  • Chop raw materials and set inside a web site.
  • Add EMAS and molasses into the water.
  • Dip the internet with the chopped materials into the liquid solution.
  • Lay a nylon display on top and put rocks to stop the internet from floating.
  • Cover the pail tightly and employ markings.
  • Ferment for seven days.

Points of consideration

  • Properly fermented FPJ includes a sweet-sour odor and a light brown colour.
  • Plants utilized will turn into brown.
  • After fermentation, strain the concoction and maintain in air-tight container
  • Store in a dark, cool location.
  • Shelf-life is 3 weeks.

Usage

  • Dilute 10ml of FPJ per liter of water to be utilized for drenching or spraying.
  • Diluted FPJ Ought to Be used within the day
  • Apply twice per week.

Fermented Fruit Juice

Materials

  • Fresh fruits like banana fruit, papaya, squash
  • Molasses
  • EMAS

Recommended mix

  • Banana fruit — 1 kilo
  • Papaya — 1 kilo
  • Squash — 1 kilo
  • Molasses — 3 kilos
  • EMAS — 60 ml

Procedures

  • Clean and wash fruits. Drain for 5 minutes.
  • Slice fruits to a inch size.
  • Mix fruits completely in a plastic pail.
  • Mix EMAS and molasses with fruits completely.
  • Lay a nylon display on top and put rocks to current the internet from floating.
  • Cover the pail tightly and employ markings.
  • Ferment for 2 days

Points of Consideration

  • Properly fermented FFJ includes a sweet-sour odor and a light brown colour.
  • After fermentation, strain the concoction and maintain in air-tight container.
  • Store in a dark, cool location
  • Shelf-life is 3 weeks

Usage

  • Dilute 10 ml of FFJ per liter of water to be utilized for drenching or spraying
  • Diluted FFJ Ought to Be used within the day
  • Apply twice per week.

Fish Amino Acid (Protein Supplement)

Materials

  • Fresh fish, fish scraps, gills or innards
  • Molasses
  • EMAS

Recommended Mix

  • Fish/fish components — 3 kilos
  • Molasses — 3 kilos
  • EMAS — 60 ml

Procedures

  • Clean and wash fish and fish components. Drain for 5 minutes
  • Slice to a inch size.
  • Mix all components completely in a plastic pail.
  • Mix EMAS and molasses with fish and fish components
  • Lay a nylon display on top and put rocks to stop the internet from floating.
  • Cover the pail tightly and employ markings
  • Ferment for 15 days.

Points of consideration

  • Properly fermented FAA includes a sweet-hour smell.
  • After fermentation, strain the concoction and maintain in air-tight container.
  • Store in a dark, cool location.
  • Shelf-life is 3 weeks.

Usage

  • Dilute 10ml of FAA per liter of water to be utilized for drenching or spraying.
  • Diluted FFJ ought to be used within the day.
  • Apply twice per week.

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